We all enjoy the beauty of trees in fall colors. What does this season change mean for the land and animals? What is nature doing? How would large herbivores such as buffalo respond to the annual leaf drop? These are the questions to think about when working with nature.
Grazer or Browser?
Cattle are primarily grazers, preferring grass over broad leaves. Sheep will generally eat about half grass and half leaves. Goats are primarily browsers, meaning they prefer leaves (broadleaf weeds and trees) over grass. All three are ruminants, they have a special stomach called a rumen. The rumen is full of bacteria that digests the incoming vegetation. As vegetation is broken down by bacteria, nutrition is released and made available to the animal.
The broad wide mouth of a cow is obviously designed to grab swaths of forage, such as grasses swaying in the prairie and probably one main reason cattle prefer to graze. Since the main incoming vegetation is grass, the bacteria that best thrive on grass will be dominant in a cow rumen. It is best to feed the dominant bacteria population in their rumen what they want, and not sending down something the bacteria is not used to, resulting in an upset tummy.
If a leaf drops on the ground before it is eaten, is that considered Grazing or Browsing?
Cattle aren’t much for climbing trees! Goats are known to climb somewhat (warning don’t park your car where a goat can climb it). The cattle herd will browse the lower branches of trees creating a “browse line”. This time of year the leaves come to the cows!
So why eat leaves if you are a grazer?
- These somewhat toxic compounds, mainly found in tree leaves, can actually help animals balance digestive problems.
- Leaves contain different nutrients than grasses.
- Reasons the cattle only know.
You will find warnings to not let cattle have access to this tree leaf or that weed leaf. These warnings imply cattle are dumb? Luckily we have smart cattle. As long as the herd has adequate foraging opportunities, we do not worry about poisonous plants.
- Our Momma cows teach their calves.
- If someone gets an upset stomach from something, lesson learned!
We do avoid poison hemlock patches during the winter when hemlock leaves are green and everything else is pretty much brown.
Annual Leaf Drop
With just a little planning we can MOVE the herd for the opportunity to take advantage of the leaf drop. We let them choose how many and what leaves to graze. Other things to consider during this graze:
- Stream channel stability
- Water quality
- Wildlife needs
When leaves fall in the stream and dissolve, carbon dioxide is released. Carbon dioxide plus water creates carbonic acid. This weak acid breaks down rocks/minerals. The changed mineral content of the water cycles new minerals through plants and animals. The break down of rocks is also part of soil formation.
It is easy to see and understand the process described in the photo of the stream and leaves shown above. But this is the exact same process the cattle herd encourages in our prairie! When cattle stomp and manure a pasture, the dead grasses release carbon dioxide and moisture in the soil or from rain creates carbonic acid in the prairie soil creating more soil! What a wonderful design. Remember the bacteria described in the rumen of the cow? The exact same process is also going on under our feet in the soil! SOIL is one huge RUMEN full of all kinds of microbes. Do you think it is an accident that these processes have a similar design repeated throughout nature?
Grazing and managing cattle in natures image results in:
Nourished by the soil
Creating new healthy soil
Feeding healthy people
Not OIL Cattle!
Dependent on fossil fuels (OIL) for:
Fertilizer and pesticides
Machine planting, harvesting and hauling
Please contact us if you would like to visit the herd of SOIL CATTLE always on the Mooooove.